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Understanding Periodontal Pocket Repairs and Why We Need Them
Posted on 12/7/2020 by Gwinnett Dental Implant & Periodontal Center
Periodontal pockets tell us what we need to know about the severity of gum disease. The deeper the pocket, the more extensive the disease. Therefore, repairing these spaces is important if we want to re-establish the stability of the teeth in the jaw bone.
What Are Periodontal Pockets?
When plaque builds up and hardens, it turns into calculus or tartar. If these deposits are not removed, it leads to gingivitis and then to the advanced form of gum disease, known as periodontitis. The space or sulcus between the teeth and gum should only be 0 to 3mm. If it is wider or deeper, it tells us that a patient has developed gum disease. Because gum disease causes the gum tissue to separate or pull away from the tooth, periodontal pockets need to be repaired to restore the health of gums and teeth. To check the depth of periodontal pockets, we us an instrument called a periodontal probe. This tool gives us the exact measurement of each pocket.
What Do the Pocket Depths Mean?
If your pocket depth is 0 to 3 mm, with no bleeding, there is nothing to worry about. However, if it is 1 to 3 mm with some bleeding, you do have a mild form of gingivitis. This can be remedied by being more conscientious about brushing and flossing. If the depth is between 5 to 7 mm with bleeding, bone loss is likely, including soft and hard tissue damage. Any pocket depth over 7 mm indicates the gum disease is severe. If we reduce the pocket depth, we can restore the gum tissue and preserve the teeth. As long as the patient follows a routine of daily brushing and flossing, we can realize a good outcome. Reduction of the periodontal pockets, through surgery, allows us to clean out the bacteria after folding back the infected gum tissue before securing it back in place. This is done so the gum tissue can reattach itself to the bone.
Are you due for a periodontal examination? If so, give us a call to arrange for an appointment now. Let us help you with any of your concerns with gum bleeding, recession, gum soreness, or tenderness.